The Distribution Transport Pipe will evenly distribute the items sent to it to every possible output. This is very useful if you have a highly productive mining or item generator setup where you need to distribute your yield into several chests or adjacent pipe networks. Using the GUI you can specify the amount to send out each side. The different sides are color-coded, where Up is cyan, Down is white, North is blue, South is green, East is red, and West is yellow.
Note: Distribution Transport Pipes tend to cause players to crash when they open up the distribution pipe GUI. This crash seems to occur when a player is flying and interacts with the pipe.